Contrary to the commonly accepted view, human beings were global (i.e., migratory and without borders) to begin with and then localized as they started to reduce hunting and gathering and got into agriculture and animal husbandry. When they were migratory, humans exchanged genes, tools, cultures – in effect, they were already globalizing. In the second part of this commentary, I analyze the contemporary conditions of globalization. I suggest that today we are experiencing a market centered iconographic culture; and the possibilities for richer and more inclusive symbolic cultures exist, and need to be cultivated.
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Fırat, A. Fuat
"Orbits of Contemporary Globalization,"
Markets, Globalization & Development Review:
3, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.uri.edu/mgdr/vol2/iss3/3