Youngbee Dale, M.A. (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7824-9602) is an anti-trafficking consultant based in Columbus Ohio. As a CEO of Dale Consulting, LLC., she has trained and provide consulting services to law enforcement officers, policymakers, and government officials, including New York State Office of Victims and Crimes, Federal Bureau of Investigations(FBI), Norfolk Office, VA (2010-2011), Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Minnesota State Police, North Carolina Human Trafficking Commissions, and others.
This paper describes various fraudulent visas used by criminals operating in the U.S. sex market. Studies show that many foreign women exploited through commercial sex rely on visa brokers to enter the U.S. However, scholars have not investigated various visa brokers and the techniques they use to bring foreign women into U.S. prostitution as a whole. Therefore, this paper aims to provide an overview of the different types of fraudulent visas and criminal techniques used in the U.S. sex market. In doing so, this paper relies on both primary and secondary sources, such as interviews with both survivors and U.S. government officials, scholarly articles, NGO reports, U.S. legal cases, press releases, online forums, news reports, and blogs written in English, Russian, Korean, and Chinese. This paper then discusses the current issues with combating visa fraud in the U.S. sex market and provides recommendations to fight the problem more effectively.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
"Visa Fraud in the Commercial Sex Market in the United States: An Overview,"
Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence:
1, Article 1.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.uri.edu/dignity/vol6/iss1/1
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