Manuscript Preparation Guidelines for Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

This document provides details on layout requirements pertaining to final manuscript submission to Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence.

All manuscripts should include:

  • A title The title should convey the content of the article and the nature of the study or analysis.
  • (Do not put your name or identifying information on the manuscript.)
  • Abstract (200-300 words) A clear and concise summary of the article, including a brief introduction to the topic, a description of methods used, findings, and discussion about the importance or relevance of the findings.
  • Keywords (several terms that describe the article that will be used to index the article.)
  • Acknowledgements (A thank you to those who have contributed in some way to the research and project, but are not co-authors. Examples include: 1) Funders of research or the services; 2) Individuals who assisted in gaining access to data; 3) Institutional personnel who may have supported the research by providing release time or library assistance; 4) Individuals who assisted with writing or other technical support.)
  • Body of Article Articles should have an Introduction to the topic with sufficient background and literature review to orient the reader to the subject; a Methods section with clear explanations of how data was gathered and analyzed or how observations were made; a Findings section that clearly states what the author found from the research and analysis; a Discussion section that discusses the significance of the findings; and a Conclusion section that briefly summarizes the work and may briefly make policy recommendations (if appropriate). Frontline Reports may use a more narrative format, but should include most of the elements listed above as much as possible.
  • References Dignity uses APA (American Psychological Association) formatting style for in-text citations and the reference section. These guidelines can be obtained on the Internet. (See below for more detail.)

Formatting Requirements

  • All submissions must be in English, except for common foreign words and phrases. Foreign terms should be in italics rather than underlined.
  • For consideration of exceptions, contact the Editor.
  • Use proper, standard English grammar. The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White (now in its fourth edition) is the "standard" guide.
  • Keep formatting simple.
  • Page size should be 8.5 x 11-inches.
  • Do not include a title page.
  • Do not include page numbers, headers, or footers. These will be added by the editors.
  • All margins (left, right, top and bottom) should be 1 inch, including your tables and figures.
  • Single space your text.
  • Use a single column layout.
  • Font: Use a basic font, such as Times, 12 pt. Do not use uncommon fonts.
  • If figures are included, use high-resolution figures. Put them in the body of the manuscript or at the end of the manuscript. You do not need to upload separate files for tables and figures.
  • Copyedit your manuscript. It is a good idea to have a fresh set of eyes read your manuscript to catch typos and grammatical errors.

Detailed Information

Article Length

Because this journal publishes electronically, page limits are not as relevant as they are in the world of print publications. We are happy, therefore, to let authors take advantage of this greater "bandwidth" to include material that they might otherwise have to cut to get into a print journal. This said, authors should exercise some discretion with respect to length.

Colored text

Set the font color to black for the majority of the text. We encourage authors to take advantage of the ability to use color in the production of figures, maps, etc.. However, you need to appreciate that this will cause some of your readers problems when they print the document on a black & white printer. For this reason, you are advised to avoid the use of colors in situations where their translation to black and white would render the material illegible or incomprehensible.

Please ensure that there are no colored mark-ups or comments in the final version, unless they are meant to be part of the final text. (You may need to "accept all changes" in track changes or set your document to "normal" in final markup.)

Emphasized text

Whenever possible use italics to indicate text you wish to emphasize rather than underlining it. The use of color to emphasize text is discouraged.


Headings (e.g., start of sections) should be distinguished from the main body text by their fonts or by using small caps.

Main text

The font for the main body of text must be black.


Whenever possible, titles of books, movies, etc., should be set in italics rather than underlined.


In APA style, numerals are used for 10 and above; spell out the numbers for one to nine.


Footnotes should be kept to a minimum. Do not use footnotes to cite references. Footnotes should appear at the bottom of the page on which they are referenced rather than at the end of the paper. Footnotes should be in 10 pt. Times or closest comparable font available, they should be single spaced, and there should be a footnote separator rule (line). Footnote numbers or symbols in the text must follow, rather than precede, punctuation. Excessively long footnotes are probably better handled in an appendix. All footnotes should be left-justified (i.e., flush with the right margin), unless this creates awkward spacing.

Tables and Figures

To the extent possible, tables and figures should appear in the document near where they are referenced in the text. Large tables or figures should be put on pages by themselves. Avoid the use of overly small type in tables. In no case should tables or figures be in a separate document or file. All tables and figures must fit within 1" margins on all sides (top, bottom, left and right) in both portrait and landscape view.


It is the author's obligation to provide complete references with the necessary information. All academic references should include doi numbers. Doi’s must be formatted in the new style: https//doi.org…… Academic articles will have the doi on the first page of the article for your use. After the last sentence of your submission, please insert a line break—not a page break—and begin your references on the same page, if possible. References should appear right after the end of the document, beginning on the last page if possible.

As previously mentioned, Dignity uses the American Psychological Association (APA) style for citations and reference. Authors are encouraged to use first names of authors instead of initials. If the author wants to use another style, contact the Editor first.


Roman letters used in mathematical expressions as variables should be italicized. Roman letters used as part of multi-letter function names should not be italicized. Whenever possible, subscripts and superscripts should be a smaller font size than the main text. Short mathematical expressions should be typed inline. Longer expressions should appear as display math. Also expressions using many different levels (e.g., such as the fractions) should be set as display math. Important definitions or concepts can also be set off as display math. Equations should be numbered sequentially. Whether equation numbers are on the right or left is the choice of the author(s). However, you are expected to be consistent in this. Symbols and notation in unusual fonts should be avoided. This will not only enhance the clarity of the manuscript, but it will also help insure that it displays correctly on the reader's screen and prints correctly on her printer. When proofing your document under PDF pay particular attention to the rendering of the mathematics, especially symbols and notation drawn from other than standard fonts.