Synthesis and characterization of polyphosphazene electrolytes including cyclic ether side groups
Date of Original Version
This paper presents the synthesis and detailed characterization of two polyphosphazene based polymers, including different cyclic ether side groups. The final polymers were obtained by a well-known method employing a living cationic polymerization and subsequent nucleophilic substitution. The synthesized polymers Poly [(1,3-dioxane-5-oxy) (1,3-dioxolane-4-methoxy)phosphazene] (DOPP) and Poly[bis(2-Tetrahydro-3-furanoxy)phosphazene] (THFPP) were mixed with varied amounts of lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonamide (LiTFSI) and the interactions between the salt and the polymer chains were studied by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements. Electrochemical characterization was performed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and direct current polarization in the temperature range of 20–60 °C. These measurements were utilized to calculate the lithium transference number (t+), the lithium conductivity (σ) and its activation energy in order to elucidate the lithium transport behavior. Relatively high lithium transference numbers of 0.6 (DOPP) and 0.7 (THFPP) at 60 °C are found and reveal maximum lithium conductivities of 2.8·10−6 S⋅cm−1 and 9.0·10−7 S⋅cm−1 for DOPP and THFPP at 60 °C, respectively.
Journal of Power Sources
Fiedler, Carsten, Bjoern Luerssen, Brett Lucht, and Juergen Janek. "Synthesis and characterization of polyphosphazene electrolytes including cyclic ether side groups." Journal of Power Sources 384, (2018): 165-171. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.02.055.