Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

2003

Abstract

This article discusses inversions for bottom geoacoustic properties using broadband acoustic signals obtained from explosive sources. Two different inversion schemes for estimating the compressional wave speeds and attenuation are presented in this paper. In addition to these sediment parameters, source–receiver range is also estimated using the arrival time data. The experimental data used for the inversions are SUS charge explosions acquired on a vertical hydrophone array during the Shelf Break Primer Experiment conducted south of New England in the Middle Atlantic Bight in August 1996. The modal arrival times are extracted using a wavelet analysis. In the first inversion scheme, arrival times corresponding to various modes and frequencies from 10 to 200 Hz are used for the inversion of compressional wave speeds. A hybrid inversion scheme based on a genetic algorithm (GA) is used for the inversion. In an earlier study, Potty et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108(3), 973–986 (2000)] have used this hybrid scheme in a range-independent environment. In the present study results of range-dependent inversions are presented. The sound speeds in the water column and bathymetry are assumed range dependent, whereas the sediment compressional wave speeds are assumed range independent. The variations in the sound speeds in the water column are represented using empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). The replica fields corresponding to the unknown parameters were constructed using adiabatic theory. In the second inversion scheme, modal attenuation coefficients are calculated using modal amplitude ratios. The ratios of the modal amplitudes are also calculated using time-frequency diagrams. A GA-based inversion scheme is used for this search. Finally, as a cross check, the computed compressional wave speeds along with the modal arrival times were used to estimate the source–receiver range. The inverted sediment properties and ranges are seen to compare well with in situ measurements and historical data.

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