Date of Award

2019

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Marine Affairs

Department

Marine Affairs

First Advisor

Seth Macinko

Abstract

This paper analyzes the policy impacts generated by three interconnected regulations that were authorized in the 2014-2015 period pertinent to Indonesian marine fisheries governance. In addition, it also develops policy alternatives and investigates the stakeholders’ attitudes towards these policies.

Employing the mixed-method research approach with the case study research design, this paper explains the impacts caused by the increased fishing fee tariff on the national fisheries revenues, the composition of the Nationally Registered Fishing Vessels (NRFV), and the Fishing Operational Costs (FOC). The latter, the contribution of the increased fishing fee tariff to the FOC, was derived from an analysis conducted on 1,108 samples of medium-scale commercial fishing vessels (60-200 GT) based in the Nizam Zachman Oceanic Fishing Port, the largest industrial-scale fishing base in Indonesia.

In regard to the revocation of regency/municipality authority and their maritime jurisdiction, several policy impacts are summarized, encompassing relicensing issues for the small-scale commercial fishing boats (5-30 GT), job reassignment, and irrelevancy of related existing law. This paper also conducts an assessment of the establishment of a Fisheries Management Commission in Indonesia Fisheries Management Areas (FMC-IFMA), a newly established regional fisheries institution. The assessment focuses on the legal basis, tasks and functions, and membership apportionment.

Investigation of the stakeholders’ attitudes also employs a mixed-method research approach. Collected responses from a survey on 446 respondents of Indonesian marine fisheries stakeholders are merged with the summary of 19 in-depth interviews. In addition, the findings garnered from field observation are also included. As a result, the magnitude and distribution of attitudes from nine types of stakeholders are portrayed, including supporting arguments.

In conclusion, this paper argues that the authorized policies generate various impacts and several potential problems. Several findings also emerge from the investigation of the stakeholders’ attitudes regarding these policies. Finally, this paper proposes several recommendations. These encompass reinforcement of the legal basis for FMC-IFMA establishment, including more engagement of non-governmental stakeholders in the commission, and an amendment of the formula for the Revenue Sharing Fund (RSF) from the fisheries sector by implementing a proportional distribution based on exploitation levels and registered fishing fleet size in each IFMA.

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