Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Civil and Environmental Engineering


Environmental Engineering


Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Ali Shafqat Akanda


Earth’s weather and climate changes dynamically, and humans must monitor the evolution of our environment or fail to plan and adapt. Water is our most valuable resource, and as such it is of the utmost importance to have a continuous view of its movements as water cycles over, in, and under land, in the atmosphere, and in the sea. One way that we observe the water cycle is with satellite measurements. Unfortunately, the resolution of these instruments is typically too coarse to visualize many transient phenomena of interest. If their vision is fine enough, the instrument captures only a small space of Earth at any given time. Furthermore, it is valuable to connect satellite-derived water cycle measurements of large watershed basins with ground truth observations of the rivers flowing through these basins. These connection operations, though, are time and cost prohibitive or limited in performance, with efficient functions veiled behind black box closed-source solutions. Herein, all of the above facts are investigated under the veil of a single name, Flux to Flow (F2F). The name Flux to Flow encapsulates how the work takes several fluxes of geospatial data and transforms them into more coherent flows of knowledge. F2F performs metrologically well in the operation of streamflow forecasting when focused solely on a single or a few hydrological monitoring nodes at a time. Based on the results, future work might entail scaling up of the system to many computing nodes running in tandem, observing more adjacent outputs, or in its application as a standard device in connected municipal systems.



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