Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology



First Advisor

Charles E. Collyer


This paper introduces the concepts of labeling (detection of aggressive severity) and provocation (response to directed aggression) as meaningful dimensions for evaluating police candidates’ patterns of aggressive tendencies. The evaluation uses candidates’ judgements on instances of suspect behaviors during hypothetical arrest situations. Findings showed that candidates agreed on an ordered continua of behavior severity, alpha = 0.99. One was able to predict very well candidates’ provocation tendencies from knowing their labeling tendencies were related and vice versa, r2 = 0.76. Labeling and provocation tendencies were related to other established measures of aggression (e.g., Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, 1992). I discuss potential applications of candidates’ labeling and provocation tendencies for us in police training sessions and employment evaluations.

diss_gallo_frank_2005.txt (119 kB)
text file of dissertation



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