Document Type


Date of Original Version



Natural Resources Science


In recent years impervious surface areas (ISA) have emerged as a key paradigm to explain and predict ecosystem health in relationship to watershed development. The ISA data are essential for environmental monitoring and management in coastal State of Rhode Island. However, there is lack of information on high spatial resolution ISA. In this study, we developed an algorithm of multiple agent segmentation and classification (MASC) that includes submodels of segmentation, shadow-effect, MANOVA-based classification, and post-classification. The segmentation sub-model replaced the spectral difference with heterogeneity change for regions merging. Shape information was introduced to enhance the performance of ISA extraction. The shadow-effect sub-model used a split-and-merge process to separate shadows and the objects that cause the shadows. The MANOVA-based classification sub-model took into account the relationship between spectral bands and the variability in the training objects and the objects to be classified. Existing GIS data were used in the classification and post-classification process. The MASC successfully extracted ISA from high spatial resolution airborne true-color digital orthophoto and space-borne QuickBird-2 imagery in the testing areas, and then was extended for extraction of high spatial resolution ISA in the State of Rhode Island.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.