Ecology of phragmites Australis and responses to tidal restoration

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Tidal wetland restoration typically has as one of its primary goals the reestablishment of ecosystem-level functions and services to marsh habitats degraded by reductions in tidal flow. On a fundamental level, reduction or restriction of tidal flooding alters the wetland environment so dramatically that soils, hydrology, and vegetation are all impacted, so that wetland function de facto is changed. Luckily, restoration of tidal flows in many wetlands can reverse some of the functional changes caused by tidal restriction.

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Tidal Marsh Restoration: A Synthesis of Science and Management