Leaching of 2,4-D and dicamba from home lawns

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Date of Original Version



Leaching of the broadleaf herbicides 2,4-D and dicamba from home lawns was monitored with ceramic extraction plates placed at a 0.2 m depth beneath undisturbed sod. The site was located on a Merrimac sandy loam. Four treatments, consisting of two rates of herbicide applications coupled with two irrigation regimes. were evaluated on 12 plots. The low herbicide rate consisted of 1.1 and 0.1 kg ha-1 yr-1 of 2,4-D and dicamba, respectively. The high rate used was 3.3 and 0.33 kg ha-1 yr-1 of 2,4-D and dicamba applied in three equal applications. Irrigation treatments were (1) minimal irrigation to avoid drought stress and percolation from the root zone and (2) overwatering at 37.5 mm week-1. Geometric mean concentra tions of 2,4-D ranged from 0.55 to 0.87 μg L-1 compared to 0.26 to 0.55 μg L-1 for dicamba. The low application-minimum irrigation treatment generated significantly higher concentrations than the other treatments for both herbicides. The low concentrations observed for both herbicides suggest that excellent degradation conditions exist in the root zone of turfgrass during the summer months when application occurs. © 1988 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution