Aerobic Cr(VI) Reduction by Bacteria in Culture and Soil Conditions

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We compared the performance of aerobic Cr(VI)-reducing bacteria isolated from Cr(VI)-contaminated soil in pure and mixed cultures of five isolated strains. The mixed culture had increased reduction rates compared to individual cultures. Cr(VI) reduction was observed in sterile soil inoculated with Pseudomonas fluorescens and in non-sterile soil with and without inoculation with P. fluorescens at initial pore water concentrations up to 1,600 mg Cr(VI)/L, whereas in culture the maximum inhibitory concentration was 500 mg Cr(VI)/L. Linear rates of Cr(VI) reduction in non-sterile soil amended with peptone were ~5 to 8 times higher than those observed in the mixed culture. Inoculation of non-sterile soil with P. fluorescens did not further enhance Cr(VI) reduction rates. Our results indicate that evaluation of Cr(VI) reduction capacity in Cr(VI)-contaminated soil for in-situ bioremediation purposes should not be done solely in pure culture. Although the latter may be used initially to assess the effects of process parameters (e.g., pH, temperature), the rate and extent of Cr(VI) reduction should be determined in soil for bioremediation design purposes. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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Soil and Sediment Contamination