Document Type

Seminar Paper

Date of Original Version



The narrowing of the gender gap and the passing of the Family Medical Leave Act of 1993 have been significant changes in the labor market which have impacted maternity leave programs with employers throughout United States. This paper explores current legislation and effects of voluntary and involuntary family leave and benefit policies and offers suggestions for areas for further research. A theoretical framework is used for understanding and explaining the variance in what individual employers offer in terms of leave and benefit policies. The analysis and evidence suggest that there is a positive correlation between these policies and an organizations return on investment and reveals the family benefits in today’s American work environment.