Digital correction of circuit imperfections in cascaded Σ-Δ modulators composed of 1ST-order sections

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Date of Original Version



An approach to remove the effects of amplifier finite gain and C-ratio mismatches in the 1-1-1 (MASH) and the 1-1-1-1 cascaded sigma-delta modulator is presented. By correcting the digital outputs with estimates of the parasitic errors due to analog circuit imperfections, uncancelled quantization noise terms can be removed. A 1-1-1-1 cascaded modulator, implemented as a fully differential switched-capacitor circuit, has been fabricated in a 1.2 μm, double-poly, n-well CMOS process. Measurements of the modulator verify that for an amplifier gain of 60 dB, C-Ratio mismatch errors of 0.52% and 0.054%, the error correction offers an overall improvement in SNDR of 12-22 dB. A 12 μVrms sine wave can be restored with a positive SNDR.

Publication Title

Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems



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