Title

Adhesion of a human fecal Escherichia coli strain to mouse colonic mucus

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

1-1-1985

Abstract

Escherichia coli F-18 isolated from the feces of a healthy human is an excellent colonizer of the CD-1 mouse colon. In the present investigation, adhesion of E. coli F-18 to CD-1 mouse colonic mucus and bovine serum albumin (BSA), immobilized on polystyrene, was studied. Adhesion of E. coli F-18 to mucus was two- to sixfold greater than to either BSA or polystyrene. E. coli F-18 lipopolysaccharide specifically blocked adhesion of E. coli F-18 to mucus and mimicked adhesion of E. coli F-18 to mucus, BSA, and polystyrene. Purified capsule also blocked adhesion of E. coli F-18 to mucus, but this inhibition was found to be entirely nonspecific. The specific E. coli F-18 receptor in mucus appeared to be a glycoprotein, containing sugars normally found in mucins and having a maximum molecular weight of between 1.25x105 and 2.5x105.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Infection and Immunity

Volume

48

Issue

1

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