Predicting academic performance: the impact of expectancy and needs theory
Date of Original Version
Many approaches to the explanation/prediction of student performance have been presented in the literature. In this study, both expectancy theory and needs theory variables are used to predict college student performance—that is, overall GPA. The average valence variable from the expectancy theory model was found to be the best overall predictor of actual academic performance. Although exhibiting low internal reliability measures, need for autonomy scores were also found to be highly explanatory. Need for achievement was unexpectedly not a significant predictor of actual performance for this student group. © 1995 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Journal of Experimental Education
Geiger, Marshall A., and Elizabeth A. Cooper. "Predicting academic performance: the impact of expectancy and needs theory." Journal of Experimental Education 63, 3 (1995): 251-262. doi:10.1080/00220973.1995.9943812.