Title

Hydrolyzable Tannins Are Iron Chelators That Inhibit DNA Repair Enzyme ALKBH2

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

6-17-2019

Abstract

Hydrolyzable tannins are a class of polyphenolic compounds commonly found in natural products. In this work, we studied the in vitro inhibitory mechanism of six molecules in this class on ALKBH2, an Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent DNA repair enzyme in the AlkB family. We determined the IC50 values of these compounds on the repair of 3-methylcytosine and 1-methyladenine, the prototypical substrates of ALKBH2. A structure-activity relationship was also observed between the strength of inhibition and the number of galloyl moieties in a molecule. In addition, we found that the inhibition by this class of polyphenolic compounds on ALKBH2 is through an iron-chelating mechanism.

Publication Title

Chemical Research in Toxicology

Volume

32

Issue

6

Share

COinS