Title

Downregulating NF-κB signaling pathway with triterpenoids for attenuating inflammation:: In vitro and in vivo studies

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

8-1-2019

Abstract

Acanthopanax trifoliatus (L.) Merr., an edible medicinal plant from Southeast Asia, exerts a wide range of bioactivities, such as anti-inflammatory activity. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of its action and active constituents remain unclear. Herein, the effects of two triterpenoids, namely impressic acid (IA) and acankoreanogenin A (AA), from A. trifoliatus in both in vitro and in vivo chronic inflammation models were investigated. The results indicated that AA and IA reduced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of nitroxide significantly in murine macrophage RAW246.7 cells. In addition, AA and IA down-regulated the activation of NF-κB and decreased the release of inflammatory mediators (iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6) and tumorigenesis-associated factors (MMP-9 and VEGF) in RAW246.7 cells. Furthermore, in a tetradecanoylphorbolacetate (TPA)-treated mouse model, AA and IA could effectively attenuate mouse ear edema and pathological damage and reduced levels of cytokines including iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-1β. Taken together, AA and IA, being of natural origin, are promising anti-inflammatory agents and may contribute to the overall anti-inflammatory effect of A. trifoliatus.

Publication Title

Food and Function

Volume

10

Issue

8

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