Title

Sulfoxaflor Alters Bemisia tabaci MED (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Preference, Feeding, and TYLCV Transmission

Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

8-1-2021

Abstract

Many damaging agricultural pests can, in addition to their direct feeding damage, acquire and transmit plant pathogens. Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is considered a 'supervector' of disease-causing plant pathogens and viruses. One of the most damaging of these is Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a circulatively transmitted begomovirus than can extensively damage field and greenhouse crops. Because sustained feeding periods are necessary to acquire and transmit circulatively transmitted viruses, pesticides that, in addition to their direct lethality, suppress feeding in surviving individuals may be particularly effective in decreasing viral transmission. We assessed the impact of sulfoxaflor, a sulfoximine insecticide, on the settling preference, feeding, and viral transmission of TYLCV-carrying B. tabaci on tomato. We found that viruliferous B. tabaci avoided both settling and feeding on sulfoxaflor-treated plants, and that sulfoxaflor virtually eliminated the transmission of TYLCV by B. tabaci. The antifeedant properties of sulfoxaflor have previously been reported in other pest systems; our results document similar effects on viruliferous B. tabaci and demonstrate that this pesticide can reduce TYLCV transmission by surviving individuals.

Publication Title

Journal of Economic Entomology

Volume

114

Issue

4

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