Laboratory determination of startle reaction time of the starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Date of Original Version
Startle response times of starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) to auditory and visual stimuli were determined in the laboratory. Birds were placed in an anechoic chamber and exposed to either a 1 ms flash of unfiltered white light, or a 30 ms pure tone burst. An electronic detection system monitored and recorded the activity of the birds. The recording apparatus allowed for an accuracy to 10-4 s in measuring reaction times. The mean reaction time of birds to light stimuli was 76·38 ms. The mean reaction time to sound stimuli was 80·64 ms. © 1977.
Pomeroy, Harold, and Frank Heppner. "Laboratory determination of startle reaction time of the starling (Sturnus vulgaris)." Animal Behaviour 25, PART 3 (1977): 720-725. doi:10.1016/0003-3472(77)90121-X.