Building capacity for integrated coastal management in developing countries
Date of Original Version
The need for building human and institutional capacity has been identified in Agenda 21 of the UNCED conference as well as by a number of international environmental institutions as essential for integrated coastal management (ICM) and sustainable development in developing coastal states. There is a growing need for coastal management practitioners and organizations with expertise in planning and implementation for ICM. The application of strategies for institutional development and building human capacity in coastal management and other fields shows that short-term intensive training efforts and long-term institutional strengthening programs are appropriate to address the issues and needs of ICM. An overview of the experience of the URI/USAID International Coastal Resources Management Program in Sri Lanka, Thailand and Ecuador presents lessons learned for strengthening ICM efforts in developing countries. © 1993.
Ocean and Coastal Management
Crawford, Brian R., J. Cobb, and Abigail Friedman. "Building capacity for integrated coastal management in developing countries." Ocean and Coastal Management 21, 1-3 (1993): 311-337. doi:10.1016/0964-5691(93)90033-U.