Date of Award

2022

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Civil and Environmental Engineering

Specialization

Environmental Engineering

Department

Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Ali Shafqat Akanda

Abstract

Water is that basis of all life on this planet. Access to clean and safe freshwater provides the population with the basic means to live. Yet approximately one in seven people in the world do not have access to safe water. Water can become unsafe due to contamination by various organic and inorganic compounds. Organic contaminants such as phosphorus, nitrogen, or bacteria, disrupt the balance of the existing system. Metals like lead, fluoride, or mercury are inorganic and cannot be normally processed in a natural water system. These contaminants can come from industrial processes, agriculture, aging plumbing systems, etc. This study investigates commonly used GIS and Remote sensing technologies and approaches for assessing water quality using the unique spectral characteristics of water quality events such as algal blooms, acid mine drainage, and suspended sediment. Remote Sensing satellites and the vast amount of data collected from previous missions, make it possible to monitor for changes in quality and quantity of existing freshwater reserves. Synthesizing these findings will allow researchers to utilize, share, and embed this information into their own research on monitoring and tracking ever evolving water quality in target waterbodies.

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