Date of Award

2020

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Computer Science

Department

Computer Science and Statistics

First Advisor

Krishna Kumar Venkatasubramanian

Abstract

Wearable biosensors can be used to monitor opioid use, a problem of dire societal consequence given the current opioid epidemic in the US. Such surveillance can prompt interventions that promote behavioral change. Prior work has focused on the use of wearable biosensor data to detect opioid use. In this work, we present a method that uses machine learning to identify opioid withdrawal using data collected with a wearable biosensor. Our method involves developing a set of machine-learning classifiers, and then evaluating those classifiers using unseen test data. An analysis of the best performing model produced a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area under the curve (AUC) of 0.9997 using completely unseen test data. Further, the model is able to detect withdrawal with just one minute of biosensor data. These results show the viability of using machine learning for opioid withdrawal detection. To our knowledge, the proposed method for identifying opioid withdrawal in OUD patients is the first of its kind.

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