Date of Award
Master of Arts in Political Science
David D. Warren
The struggle for independence in Tanganyika calls attention to the main political and social obstacles which had to be overcome before independence was won. The major opposition to independence for Tanganytika came from a few local tribal chiefs who were afraid of losing their status after. Also opposed to independence were those educated civil servants fearing to lose their jobs by joining the National Movement Party, “TANU” (Tanganyika African National union.)
Despite these obstacles presented by tribal chiefs and the educated elite, Tanganyika was able to achieve independence before Kenya and Uganda, its neighbors.
The foremost reason for the emergence of an independent Tanganyika was the dynamic leadership of Mr. Julius K. Nyerere, then the President of the National Movement Party “TANU”. His direction of the nationalistic movement and his moderate policies with regard to non-African residents of Tanganyika contributed much to the success of his efforts.
Furthermore, unlike the situation in Kenya and Uganda, no tribe in Tanganyika has exerted a predominant influence upon its development, and its European population has always been much smaller than that of Kenya. Finally, the Tanganyikan Europeans have been less politically conscious and ambitious compared with those in Kenya and Uganda.
This study had drawn upon records of the United Nations General Assembly, documents and publications from the Trusteeship Council and reports of visiting Missions to Trust Territories in Africa in 1948, 1951, 1954, 1957, and 1960.
Msaky, Thomas Methuselah, "Tanganyika - The Road to Independence" (1964). Open Access Master's Theses. Paper 1788.