Date of Award
Master of Arts in Psychology
Wayne F. Velicer
Aggression is a widely researched area of psychology. The abundance and variety of empirical investigations suggest that aggression is a generic term for a heterogeneous array of behaviors (Edmunds and Kendrick, 1980; Rosenzweig, 1977; 1978). Not surprisingly, little consensus exists on how to define aggression. Several ways have been developed to operationalize the definition of aggression. Among the more widely used paper-and-pencil measures are the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory (Buss and Durkee, 1957) and the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study (Rosenzweig, 1944). A significant reason for the widespread use of these instruments is the multi-dimensional and multi-construct definitions of aggression they employ. Apart from this similarity, these two instruments differ in both theoretical basis and method of measurement.
The present study was designed to assess the relationship between the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory and the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study and to evaluate interpersonal aspects of aggression. The particular interpersonal measure incorporated in this study is the FIROB Scales (Schutz, 1966). The FIRO-B Scales measure the interpersonal needs of inclusion, control, and affection, as they are either expressed to, or wanted from, others.
In addition, items from a multi-dimensional assertiveness scale (Lorr and More, 1980) and items written on the basis of prior research by Cherico, Velicer, and Corriveau (Note 1) supplemented the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory item-pool. These items were administered to all subjects and principal component analyses were conducted on the two and seven-choice response formats.
Results indicated significant correlations between select dimensions of the alternate forms of measuring aggression. The construct of interpersonal behavior revealed limited information. Principal component analyses supported previous findings from Cherico et al. (Note 1) and additional dimensions of aggression were uncovered. Implications of these data are discussed.
Govia, Joseph Michael, "A Comparison of Multi-Dimensional Measures of Aggression" (1982). Open Access Master's Theses. Paper 1628.