Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Physical Education


Physical Education and Health

First Advisor

Robert Sonstroem


The intent of this study was to compare the capability of self-efficacies and self-concept of physical ability to predict weight training and jogging behavior. The study consisted of 295 college students (123 males and 172 females), from the University of Rhode Island. The subjects received a battery of psychological tests consisting of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP), the Perceived Importance Profile (PIP), the General Self-Worth Scale (GSW), three self-efficacy scales, assessing jogging, weight training, and hard intensive studying, and a survey of recreational activities that recorded the number of sessions per week and number of minutes per session of each recreational activity the subject participated in. Hypotheses were supported in three of four cases in which self-efficacies for a specified exercise behavior developed larger associations with that behavior than with a more general physical self-concept. The only discrepancy occurred in females, where self-efficacy for jogging failed to achieve a significantly greater association with jogging behavior than perceived physical condition. This research shows that through the Exercise and Self-Esteem Model (EXSEM) one's efficacy is inclined to be a better predictor of exercise behavior than more general self-perceptions.



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