Date of Award

2019

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Communication Studies

Department

Communication Studies

First Advisor

Yinjiao Ye

Abstract

Lack of effective communication among employees at an organization may lead to low work performance. This study, surveying and interviewing the employees of International Organization for Migration in Pakistan (IOM), was conducted to understand whether a preference for supportive management style and directive management style is a result of highly individualistic, highly masculine and low uncertainty avoidance societies; and whether such preference leads to a stronger perception of team cohesiveness. Fifty-two employees participated in the survey and six employees were interviewed. Correlation tests based on the survey data showed that preference for supportive management style was not significantly related to highly individualistic and low uncertainty avoidance societies. Correlation tests based on the survey data also showed that preference for directive management style was not significantly related to highly masculine societies. Interview results showed a trend that preference for supportive management style was related to individualistic culture societies but do not show a trend that preference for supportive management style was related to low uncertainty avoidance societies. Interview results also showed that preference for directive management style was not related to highly masculine societies. Previous studies have found that preferences for certain management styles, as a result of national cultural orientation, may lead to cross communication barriers. However, the results of this study did not show that to be a factor. These results should be interpreted with caution because of the small sample size.

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