Sex-role ideology and children's drawings: Does the jack-o-lantern smile or scare?
Date of Original Version
Jack-o-lanterns drawn by kindergarteners were submitted to adult judges who were asked both to identify the child's gender from the drawing and to give reasons for the judgment made. Judges agreed that the characteristics distinguishing girls' from boys' drawings were use of details, neatness, colorfulness, smiling face, and symmetry; while boys' drawings differed from girls' in their frightening faces, messiness, incompleteness, and unconventionality. Judges were accurate about 60% of the time in identifying boys but only about 30% of the time in identifying girls, a statistically reliable difference. © 1979 Plenum Publlshing Corporation.
Lott, Bernice. "Sex-role ideology and children's drawings: Does the jack-o-lantern smile or scare?." Sex Roles 5, 1 (1979): 93-98. doi:10.1007/BF00289350.