Some indirect measures of interpersonal attraction among children

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Provides evidence that interpersonal attitudes can be validly inferred from indirect behavioral indexes which do not require self-disclosure. Study 1, utilizing 20 children aged 6-16 enrolled in a summer recreation program, and Study 2, utilizing 48 boys aged 8-14 living together during a 2- wk camp session, both found positive relations between a 15-step Liking Scale and each of 2 oblique measures adapted from J. C. Nunnally and his associates (see 39:4 and 41:9): a looking box measure of selective looking and a treasure hunt game reflecting anticipation of desirable consequences. 23 1st graders in Study 3 provided data indicating that 3 levels of attraction toward peers, as measured by a Sociometric Test, may be reliably inferred from 2 objective measures of drawings made of their classmates: percentage of head relative to total length and relative degree of detail. A perceptual measure of recognition of peers under conditions of .01-.04 sec. slide exposure time yielded ambiguous sex-related results. (21 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1970 American Psychological Association.

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Journal of Educational Psychology