Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) for women: Development and validation
Date of Original Version
Four studies were conducted to develop and validate the Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS), a measure of sexual assertiveness in women that consists of factors measuring initiation, refusal, and pregnancy-sexually transmitted disease prevention assertiveness. A total of 1,613 women from both university and community populations were studied. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that the 3 factors remained stable across samples of university and community women. A structural model was tested in 2 samples, indicating that sexual experience, anticipated negative partner response, and self-efficacy are consistent predictors of sexual assertiveness. Sexual assertiveness was found to be somewhat related to relationship satisfaction, power, and length. The community sample was retested after 6 months and 1 year to establish test-retest reliability. The SAS provides a reliable instrument for assessing and understanding women's sexual assertiveness. Copyright 1997 by the American Psychological Association, Inc.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Morokoff, Patricia J., Kathryn Quina, Lisa L. Harlow, Laura Whitmire, Diane M. Grimley, Pamela R. Gibson, and Gary J. Burkholder. "Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) for women: Development and validation." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 73, 4 (1997): 790-804. doi:10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1240.