Social stigma, HIV/AIDS knowledge, and sexual risk
Date of Original Version
A cross-sectional study of 481 sexually active, heterosexual late adolescents showed that: (a) heterosexual people may be distancing themselves from HIV/AIDS because of its association with the gay community while also engaging in greater behavioral risk for HIV/AIDS; and (b) the ways a person comes to know about HIV/AIDS (perceived knowledge, passive classroom learning, media influence, and knowing people with HIV/AIDS) can be related to sexual risk behavior through the operation of two mediating variables, condom self-efficacy and perceived HIV/AIDS risk. The variables studied are closely linked with Stage 1 factors in the AIDS Risk Reduction Model. Implications for understanding how stigmatizing can affect behavior are discussed, as well as implications for education in HIV/AIDS related issues. Copyright © 1999 by Bellwether Publishing, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Burkholder, Gary J., Lisa L. Harlow, and Jacque L. Washkwich. "Social stigma, HIV/AIDS knowledge, and sexual risk." Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research 4, 1 (1999): 27-44. doi:10.1111/j.1751-9861.1999.tb00053.x.