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Plant Sciences and Entomology


The annual bluegrass weevil (ABW), Listronotus maculicollis (Kirby), is a severe pest of golf course turf in eastern North America. The development of pyrethroid- and multiple-resistant populations has created a dire need for novel tactics to control adults. We examined the insecticidal properties of a petroleum-derived spray oil (PDSO; Civitas Turf Defense™.) and an organosilicone, nonionic soil surfactant (Silwet L-77®) in laboratory and greenhouse bioassays. Civitas and Silwet killed > 75% of ABW adults in multiple assays. The level of control was positively affected by increased rate, spray application volume, and soil moisture levels. Dissections of weevils treated with Civitas revealed material entering the insect’s hemocoel after 15–30 min, though most mortality occurred between the 3 and 24 h observation periods. Reducing rates while increasing carrier volume or soil moisture levels through irrigation applied prior to or after application also provided excellent control of adults in the same observation periods. Silwet provided comparable, yet less consistent levels of control in the laboratory studies but was excluded from further tests after treated plants demonstrated phytotoxicity in greenhouse studies. Neither Silwet nor Civitas efficacy was affected by pyrethroid resistance levels in the ABW populations tested.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.