Errors associated with estimating parasitism using a modified version of Southwood's graphical method
Date of Original Version
A simulation model is used to examine the errors in estimating parasitized and nonparasitized host densities independently with Southwood's graphical technique. This technique is accurate when parasitoid attack occurs prior to the sampling period (e.g. the previous life stage of the host). When this is not the case, the parasitized host density is estimated accurately, but the unparasitized host density is over estimated by those individuals that are sampled as healthy prior to attack. This error is neglible at low levels of parasitism (<20% parasitized), but increases with increasing parasitism. Of the biological parameters tested, only the parasitoid attack pattern (shape of the parasitoid attack curve) has a significant influence on the magnitude of this error. A generalized simulation model is presented for evaluating errors in estimates of seasonal parasitism for specific host-parasitoid interactions. © 1990 Lavoisier Abonnements.
Publication Title, e.g., Journal
Groden, E., F. A. Drummond, R. A. Casagrande, and D. L. Haynes. "Errors associated with estimating parasitism using a modified version of Southwood's graphical method." Entomophaga 35, 3 (1990). doi: 10.1007/BF02375257.