Document Type

Article

Date of Original Version

2022

Department

Physics

Abstract

Disks of two sizes and weights in alternating sequence are confined to a long and narrow channel. The axis of the channel is horizontal and its plane vertical. The channel is closed off by pistons that freeze jammed microstates out of loose disk configurations subject to moderate pressure, gravity, and random agitations. Disk sizes and channel width are such that under jamming no disk remains loose and all disks touch one wall. We present exact results for the characterization of jammed macrostates including volume and entropy. The rigorous analysis divides the disk sequences of jammed microstates into overlapping tiles from which we construct a small number of species of statistically interacting particles. Jammed macrostates depend on dimensionless control parameters inferred from ratios between measures of expansion work against the pistons, gravitational potential energy, and intensity of random agitations. These control parameters enter the configurational statistics via the activation energies prior to jamming of the particles. The range of disk weights naturally divides into regimes where qualitatively different features come into play. We sketch a path toward generalizations that include random sequences under a modified jamming protocol.

Publication Title

Physical Review E

Volume

105

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