Date of Original Version
In the presence of a uniform field the one-dimensional spin- 1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model develops zero frequency excitations at field-dependent ‘‘soft-mode’’ momenta. We determine three types of critical quantities, which we extract from the finite-size dependence of the lowest excitation energies, the singularities in the static structure factors and the infrared singularities in the dynamical structure factors at the soft mode momenta. We also compare our results with the predictions of conformal field theory.
Fledderjohann, A., Gerhardt, C., Mütter, K. H., Schmitt, A., & Karbach, M. (1996). Critical properties of the one-dimensional spin- ½ antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model in the presence of a uniform field. Phys. Rev. B., 54, 7168-7176. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.54.7168
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.54.7168