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Thermal and chiral critical exponents of the fully frustrated XY model on a square lattice are obtained from a finite-size scaling analysis of the free energy of chiral domain walls. Data were obtained by extensive Monte Carlo transfer-matrix computations for infinite strips of widths up to 14 lattice spacings. Two transfer matrices were implemented, one for each of two principal lattice directions. The results of both are consistent, but the critical exponents differ significantly from the pure Ising values. This is in agreement with other recent Monte Carlo simulations. Our results also support the identification of the critical behavior of this model with that along the line of transitions of simultaneous ordering or becoming critical of Ising and planar rotor degrees of freedom in the XY-Ising model studied recently.