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The T = 0 dynamics of a family of one-dimensional quantum spin systems with fully ordered (ferromagnetic or spin-flop) ground states is investigated. By rigorous calculations, it is demonstrated that the T = 0 dynamic structure factor is, in general, not a δ function as predicted by linear spin-wave theory but characterized by more complicated structures with nonzero linewidths. The exact result approaches the spin-wave result in the classical limit s → ∞. The results of this study demonstrate how quantum effects may invalidate spin-wave theory even in the presence of saturated magnetic long-range order. Hence the failure of spin-wave theory is not necessarily linked to the absence or strong reduction of long-range order typical for one-dimensional quantum spin systems. The unreliability of spin-wave theory has therefore to be suspected also for the dynamics of three-dimensional quantum spin systems where the long-range order is always strong at T = 0.

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©1983 American Physical Society. All rights reserved.