Date of Original Version
Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening skin reactions. Colistin is a last resort antibiotic with a historically poor safety profile. The association between colistin and SJS/TEN has not been previously quantified.
Research design and methods: We identified colistin and SJS/TEN adverse event reports from the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) and calculated effect estimates using OpenEpi.
Results: From January 2013 through March 2021, 964 adverse events were reported for colistin. Colistin was listed as a secondary suspect drug in 13 SJS/TEN adverse event reports (1.3%), with a reporting odds ratio of 29.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] 17.1–51.1), and proportional reporting ratio of 29.2 (95% CI 17.0–50.2). Limitations of any FAERS study include the voluntary nature of reporting, unclear causal relationship between drug and adverse reaction, underreporting, and wide confidence intervals for rare adverse events like SJS/TEN.
Conclusions: Colistin was not the primary suspect drug in any SJS/TEN adverse event reports. We did identify a statistically significant safety signal for SJS/TEN with colistin as a secondary suspect drug. SJS/TEN is not currently included in the colistin product label. This association should be further explored in other pharmacoepidemiologic drug safety studies.
Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Tang, R., Lopes, V. L. & Caffrey, A. R.(2022). Colistin-associated Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis reactions: a retrospective case-non-case pharmacovigilance study. Expert Opinion on Drug Safety. Online ahed of print. https://doi.org/10.1080/14740338.2022.2045945
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/14740338.2022.2045945