Required warfarin dose and time in therapeutic range in patients with diagnosed Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) or Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
Date of Original Version
Warfarin has been widely used to treat thromboembolism. The effect of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), on warfarin dosing remains unknown. This study aims to examine the effects of NAFLD/NASH on the average daily dose (ADD) of warfarin and the time in therapeutic range (TTR). This is a retrospective study utilizing an administrative data. We included patients with at least 2 months of warfarin dispensing and two subsequent consecutive INR measures. The ADD of warfarin to achieve therapeutic range INR levels, and TTR were compared between patients with and without NAFLD/NASH in four subgroups of patients accounting for the presence of obesity and diabetes. Generalized linear models (GLM) with Propensity score (PS) fine stratification were applied to evaluate the relative differences (RD) of warfarin ADD and TTR (>60%) in four subgroups. A total of 430 NAFLD/NASH patients and 38,887 patients without NAFLD/ NASH were included. The ADD and TTR, were not significant in the overall cohort between those with and without NAFLD/NASH. However, GLM results in patients without diabetes or obesity (N = 26,685) showed a significantly lower warfarin ADD (RD: -0.38; 95%CI: -0.74–-0.02) and shorter TTR (OR: 0.71; 95%CI: 0.52–0.97) in patients diagnosed with NAFLD/NASH. The effects of NAFLD/NASH on warfarin dose or TTR were observed in patients without obesity and diabetes. Obesity and diabetes appear to be significant modifiers for the effects of NAFLD/NASH on warfarin dose and TTR.
Publication Title, e.g., Journal
Wen, Xuerong, Wang, Tracey H. Taveira, and Fatemeh Akhlaghi. "Required warfarin dose and time in therapeutic range in patients with diagnosed Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) or Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)." PLoS ONE 16, 9 September (2021). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251665.