Understanding insurance coverage in the senior market: Reimbursement and emerging trends

F. Randy Vogenberg, Institute for Integrated Healthcare
Rita M. Marcoux, University of Rhode Island
E. Paul Larrat, University of Rhode Island


Currently, Medicare Part D is the primary payer of pharmaceuticals and driver of formulary selection for most seniors, regardless of their care setting. This primer examines key issues in reimbursement for geriatric care from a historical perspective and how it has affected health care professionals in their clinical and distributive functions. Discussion on how reimbursement trends evolved for older adult patients across care settings such as nursing facilities, assisted living, hospice, and home health are included. Additionally, this primer identifies what is changing across the different care settings, the complexities of medication coverage today, and current trends that may have significant impact on medication cost in the near future if the Affordable Care Act is implemented as currently written. Finally, the primer identifies legislative and regulatory initiatives and reimbursement trends that will continue to pose a challenge in the coming years as Congress and the president address the number of individuals covered by publicly funded programs. This challenge will be amplified in part by a growing biotechnology pharmaceutical pipeline and a rapidly increasing genomics industry. © 2012 American Society of Consultant Pharmacists, Inc. All rights reserved.