The biosynthesis of astaxanthin. XII. The conversion of labelled β-carotene-15, 15′-3H2 into body astaxanthin in the lobster, Panulirus japonicus
Date of Original Version
1. 1. Astaxanthin is the most dominant pigment in the lobster, Panulirus japonicus. 2. 2. The lobsters were cultured in a laboratory for 2 weeks by feeding the modified standard diet containing β-carotene-15,15'-3H2 dissolved in plant oil. 3. 3. β-Carotene was converted to their body astaxanthin via isocryptoxanthin, echinenonc, 4-hydroxyechinenone, canthaxanthin, and 3-hydroxycanthaxanthin 4. 4. The metabolic pathway from β-carotene to astaxanthin in the lobster was as follows:- β-Carotene → isocryptoxanthin → echinenone → 4-hydroxyechinenone → canthaxanthin → 3-hydroxycanthaxanthin → astaxanthin. © 1973.
International Journal of Biochemistry
Teruhisa, Katayama, Shimaya Makoto, Sameshima Muneo, and C. O. Chichester. "The biosynthesis of astaxanthin. XII. The conversion of labelled β-carotene-15, 15′-3H2 into body astaxanthin in the lobster, Panulirus japonicus." International Journal of Biochemistry 4, 21 (1973): 223-226. doi:10.1016/0020-711X(73)90043-8.