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Date of Original Version



Pharmacy Practice


Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of healthcare-associated infections and resistance among isolates is an increasing burden. The study purpose was to describe national resistance rates for clinical P. aeruginosa respiratory and bloodstream cultures and the prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) P. aeruginosa within the Veterans Affairs (VA). MDR was defined as non-susceptibility to at least one drug in at least 3 of the following 5 categories: carbapenems, extended-spectrum cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, and piperacillin/tazobactam. We reviewed 24,562 P. aeruginosa respiratory and bloodstream isolates across 126 VA facilities between 2009 to 2013. Most isolates were collected from inpatient settings (82%). Resistance was highest in fluoroquinolones (33%) and exceeded 20% for all classes assessed (carbapenems, extended-spectrum cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, and piperacillin/tazobactam). Resistance was higher in inpatient settings and in respiratory isolates. Prevalence of MDR was 20% overall (22% for inpatient isolates, 11% outpatient, 21% respiratory, 17% bloodstream). Our findings are consistent with previous surveillance reports