Passive localization of noise-producing targets using a compact volumetric array
Date of Original Version
A technique is presented for passively localizing multiple noise-producing targets by cross-correlating the elevation beams of a compact volumetric array on separate bearings. A target's multipath structure inherently contains information about its range; however, unknown, random noise waveforms make time separation of individual arrivals difficult. Ocean ambient noise has previously been used to measure multipath delays to the seabed by cross-correlating the beams of a vertical line array [Siderius, Song, Gerstoft, Hodgkiss, Hursky, and Harrison, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127, 2193-2200 (2010)], but this methodology has not been applied to distant noise sources having non-vertical arrivals. The technique presented in this paper uses a compact volumetric array mounted to an autonomous underwater vehicle to measure the three-dimensional directionality and time delays of multipath arrivals, while adaptively rejecting clutter and multi-target interference. This is validated with experimental results in a shallow ocean environment in which a small workboat maneuvered in the vicinity. Short ranges could be estimated reliably using straight ray paths, but longer ranges required accounting for ray refraction. © 2014 Acoustical Society of America.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Gebbie, John, Martin Siderius, Peter L. Nielsen, and James Miller. "Passive localization of noise-producing targets using a compact volumetric array." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 136, 1 (2014): 80-89. doi:10.1121/1.4881917.