Mitigation of pressure pulses from implosion of hollow composite cylinders

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An experimental study on the underwater collapse of composite tubes with polymeric coatings is conducted in an attempt to mitigate the implosion pressure pulse released. Experiments are performed in a pressure vessel designed to provide constant hydrostatic pressure during collapse. Filament-wound carbon-fiber/epoxy tubes are studied with polyurea coatings of different thicknesses on the interior and exterior of the tube to explore the effects of these configurations on implosion pulse mitigation. 3-D Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique is used to capture the full-field deformation and velocities during the implosion event. Local pressure fields generated by the implosion event are measured using dynamic pressure transducers to evaluate the strength of the emitted pressure pulses. Local pressure data and DIC results are used to obtain a measure of normalized energy released during implosion. Results show that thick interior coatings significantly reduce the energy released in the pressure pulse by slowing the collapse and softening the initial wall-to-wall contact. In contrast, thick exterior coatings increase this energy by suppressing damage, thereby reducing the energy absorption capacity of the structure.

Publication Title

Journal of Composite Materials