Comparison of lithium-ion recycling processes for electric vehicle batteries

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Date of Original Version



Over three hundred thousand battery electric vehicles (BEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) are currently registered in the United States as of 2015, which is less than one percent of the total market share. A quickly growing market for electric vehicles (EV) will inevitably lead to a high number of EV batteries reaching the end-of-life (EOL). Manufacturers have to create processes to ensure a sustainable recycling management system, while still fulfilling government regulations. Recycling used EV batteries presents an economical and ecological challenge, considering the increased volume and diversity of car batteries, and the lack of a generalizable disposal process. Although the literature discusses the EOL issues with respect to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), this paper presents a comprehensive literature review of recycling processes for lithium-ion batteries (LIB). This comparison explores the generalizability of the disposal processes for LIBs and quantifies the process value via Value Theory.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Proceedings of the 2016 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, ISERC 2016

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