Effects of rarefaction and compressibility of gaseous flow in microchannel using dsmc

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The direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) is performed for two-dimensional gaseous flow through a microchannel in both slip and transition regimes to understand the effects of compressibility and rarefaction. Results are presented in the form of axial pressure distribution, velocity profile, local friction coefficient, and local Mach number (Ma) and are compared with the available analytical and experimental results. The effect of compressibility is examined for the inlet to outlet pressure ratios ranging from 1.38 to 4.5. Low-pressure drop simulations with Knudsen numbers (Kn) ranging from 0.03 to 0.11 are performed to identify the effect of rarefaction. It was found that compressibility makes the axial pressure variation nonlinear and enhances the local friction coefficient. On the other hand, rarefaction does not affect pressure distribution but causes the flow to slip at the wall and reduces the local friction coefficient. In addition, it was found that the locally fully developed (LFD) assumption is valid for low Ma flows by comparison with DSMC results. © 2000, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Numerical Heat Transfer; Part A: Applications