Analysis of directed networks via partial singular value decomposition and Gauss quadrature

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Large-scale networks arise in many applications. It is often of interest to be able to identify the most important nodes of a network or to determine the ease of traveling between them. We are interested in carrying out these tasks for directed networks. These networks have a nonsymmetric adjacency matrix A. Benzi et al. [6] recently proposed that these tasks can be accomplished by studying certain matrix functions, such as hyperbolic cosine and sine, of A TA and AAT. For small to medium-sized networks, the required computations can be easily carried out by first computing the singular value decomposition of A. However, for large networks this is impractical. We propose to first compute a partial singular value decomposition of A, which allows us to determine a subset of nodes that contains the most important nodes or a subset of nodes between which it is easy to travel. We then apply Gauss quadrature to rank the nodes in these subsets. Several computed examples illustrate the performance of the approach proposed. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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Linear Algebra and Its Applications