Port adaptation for climate change: The roles of stakeholders and the planning process

Document Type

Book Chapter

Date of Original Version



This chapter explores risks and opportunities for the ports sector and examines specific implications for a private port company, Terminal Maritimo Muelles El Bosque (MEB), in Cartagena, Colombia. Cartagena is too close to the equator to be prone to tropical storms, and MEB is located in the natural harbor of the Bay of Cartagena, which is one of the most secure on the Caribbean coast of Colombia. Quality elevation data for the city of Cartagena could not be obtained, which led the study to consider potential sea-level thresholds above which flood risk of roads used by MEB and its customers increases. The chapter discusses the commercial ports, which rely on vitality and growth of shipping industry, which is sensitive to fluctuations in world and country Gross Domestic Product (GDP), by the economic downturn. For many products, climate change will influence market conditions which can translate either into risks of decreased trade through ports or opportunities for new exports or imports.

Publication Title, e.g., Journal

Climate Change and Adaptation Planning for Ports