Document Type


Date of Original Version



Climate change is having and will continue to have a range of negative impacts on socialenvironmental systems. Many ports, with their coastal locations and essential roles in regional and national economies, face particular exposure to storm impacts that may worsen with climate change. Currently in the U.S., port resilience planning falls primarily upon port operators. Engaging a wider range of stakeholders in long-term seaport functioning may reduce risks from disruptive and potentially irreversible impacts of climate change. This study uses empirical data gathered through two case studies of highly exposed U.S. ports, Gulfport (MS) and Providence (RI), to identify strategies that port planners and external stakeholders consider feasible for enhancing their port’s resilience. This paper categorizes these resilience strategies and suggests the potential role that different stakeholders could play in facilitation and implementation.