Cages, Controversies and conflict: Carp culture in lake toba, Indonesia
Date of Original Version
This chapter reviews a successful cage culture project. The socioeconomic post-evaluation focused on issues found to be problematic with respect to cage culture in other areas of Indonesia as well as aquaculture in general. It also attempted to determine, in general terms, project impacts on quality of life of the rural poor living around Lake Toba. Carp culture in ponds, irrigation ditches, raceways, and drainage canals has a long history of successful production in some areas of Indonesia. Lemhaga Studi Pengembangan Wilayah is a non-governmental organization founded in 1986 by a group of civic leaders, technocrats, and scholars devoted to environmentally appropriate development in remote areas of Indonesia, with a focus on the highlands of North Sumatra. Java, the use of smaller, less expensive cages led to greater equity, but environmental problems resulted in several massive fish-kills. Nevertheless, a great deal more environmental, socioeconomic, and technical assessment must be conducted to develop appropriate management programs for the lake.
Publication Title, e.g., Journal
Aquacultural Development: Social Dimensions of an Emerging Industry
Pollnac, Richard B., and Saudara Sihombing. "Cages, Controversies and conflict: Carp culture in lake toba, Indonesia." Aquacultural Development: Social Dimensions of an Emerging Industry (2019). doi: 10.4324/9780429046773-14.